How To Approach Junctions to Turn LeftRight
How To Approach Junctions
Approaching junctions to Turn Left
This is when you are leaving a main road to turn into a side road.
Identify: First you will need to identify where the junction is, you can do this via warning signs, road markings, gaps in the houses or trees.
Priority: When turning left you will have priority over traffic turning right off the main road as they will be cutting across your path. To help you arrive at the junction at the right speed, in the correct position and gear we use the MSPSL routine.
Mirrors: Interior first will give best view of approaching traffic and an idea of their speed. Check left door mirror next to be aware of any cyclists.
Signal: Always signal when you are going from one road to another (unless you can clearly see into the junction and know that no one would benefit), you must also signal in good time, but not too early which may confuse other road users (they may think you are pulling up on the left) say about 5/6 car lengths from the junction.
Position:There would be no need to change from your normal driving position unless there are obstructions (parked cars).
Speed: Slow down enough to take the turn safely - an average turn should be taken at approximately 8 - 10 mph (second gear should be selected for this speed). Bring clutch pedal up to avoid coasting and to maintain control.
Look: Check into new road to assess how clear the junction is. Look out for parked cars; pedestrians who could easily be crossing the road, pedestrians who have stepped onto the road have priority! All this must be done before you start to steer into the new road
Taking a Sweeping Turn
Here, your view into the new road would be much clearer and it will be easier to maintain control of your car with less steering needed for the turn, therefore you may not need to slow down as much as a standard turn. If you haven't needed to slow down much you can often take these in third gear.
Approaching Junctions to Turn Right
Identify: first you will need to identify where the junction, you can do this via warning signs or gaps in the houses or trees
Priority: Oncoming traffic will have priority - you must not cut across them if to do so would cause them to change speed or direction. If you can walk across then you can drive across!
Mirrors: Inside mirror then right door mirror, be aware of any vehicles that may be overtaking
Signal: signal right
Position: Move over to the centre of the road where possible - this will not only confirm your intentions to turn right but on many roads will leave enough room for following traffic to pass on the left.
Speed: Slow down enough to take turn safely or to stop smoothly if it's not clear to go due to oncoming traffic.
Look: Check into road your entering to see if clear -possibly pedestrians may be crossing / the road maybe blocked due to parked cars with emerging traffic. Try not to cut the corner, always drive on your own side of the road unless a parked car prevents you from doing so.
Stopping Position: Stop at your point of turn for oncoming traffic or if the road you intend on turning into is blocked - this will make it easier to turn in the correct position.
When turning right off main roads and when the road is wide enough, you will often have filter lanes to help to keep the flow of the traffic which will be able to pass on the left.
Try to enter as soon as you are clear of the chevron markings - Do not unnecessarily drive over the chevron markings.